Top 10 Common Foods Between Iran and Turkey in 2024

Iran and Turkey are two neighboring countries with almost common customs and foods. From religion to some of the cultures of these two countries, they are very similar.

In the menu of the two countries, some of the foods are always common. Even names and in some cases the price of food are very close together

So that Iranians usually go to Turkish restaurants safely and with the mentality that they are not going to encounter a strange menu of Chinese or East Asian cuisine, they can easily and with sufficient information.

Usually, the types of kebab, dolmeh, and ash are shared with these menus. In this article, we will explain 10 common foods between Iran and Turkey.

Top 10 common foods between Iran and Turkey


dolmeh turkish

The first of the common foods between Iran and Turkey is dolmeh barge mo. In Iran, this dish includes ingredients such as meat, rice, onions, yellow split peas , carrots, herbs, lemon juice, tomato paste, spices, sugar, turmeric, salt and pepper.

The major difference between Turkish dolmeh with Iranians is the lack of meat. Turkish dolmeh are not just like the iranian dolmeh, and it does not have meat and from substances such as rice, onions, tomatoes, dill, mint, raisins, almonds, cinnamon, pepper, sugar, lemons will be prepare and made.

Related: What are 5 Popular Foods in Iran?

Turkish Cabbage Rolls (a.k.a Lahana Sarmasi or Dolmasi) is a flavourful dish made of cabbage leaves filled with spiced meat&bulgur mixture.

You can prepare these stuffed cabbage rolls ahead and reheat them before serving them to your dinner guests. Perfect dish for entertaining!


2.Zereshk polo ba morgh

zereshk polo turkish

In most Turkish restaurants, rice with chicken and in Iranian restaurants is seen chicken with barberry. This is one of the common dishes between Iran and Turkey which is very simple and tasty.

In Türkiye, it is served with saffron and eggplant and in Iran with barberry and potatoes. Zereshk polo ba morgh in Iran is also widely used as the best food at parties

3.Ash reshteh

Ash reshteh is one of the common foods between Iran and Turkey. Turkish ash is only mae with lentil, but other vegetables are used to prepare it. Vegetables such as tomatoes, celery and onions.

One of the most important ingredients in the Turkish ash is the juice of sheep bone, which is mainly added to the soup. Totally in Turkish food, we see high -fat foods.


Baklava is one of those sweets made in different cities and countries in different ways. In Iran, Iranian baklava includes: Baklava Ghazvini, Baklava Yazdi, Baklava Gilani and Baklava Tabrizi. Each of these is a different recipe. But besides Iran, Turkey is also famous for the whole world.

Persian Baklava is a hearty, sweet, and delicious pastry and it is one of the most delicious pastries that Iranians taste it is also considered a popular pastry in Iran, and its Tabrizi, Yazdi, and Qazvini types are the most famous.

Undoubtedly one of the popular sweets and desserts of Iranians and even other people of the Middle East is baklava, which has special recipes in every part of Iran and the Middle East.

In Iran, Persian baklava is very famous in Yazd and Qazvin. The general structure of baklava is that a layer of a special dough is filled with chopped nuts such as pistachios and almonds and syrup or honey is poured over it.


doner turkish

Doner Kebab, also known as Turkish Kebab, is a type of Turkish roast that is made from the cutting of the meat that rotates around the fire vertically. It has gone to various parts of the world and has many fans especially in Iran.

So that this common foods between Iran and Turkey has become the main food of Iran’s fast food.

This Turkish dish is the most formidable obstacle to the victory of the hamburger in the fast food market. Doner kebab in rolls with slices of pickle and chips is the most common stand-up lunch for city office workers. The alterations of the Doner kebab are Arab shawarma and Greek gyros.

Doner kebab is a type of typical meat dish, made of meat cooked on a vertical skewer. The meat is usually prepared as a mixture of lamb and beef, but in some case it can be just beef or just chicken. The marinated meat pieces are mixed with some minced meat and they’re stacked on a tall vertical spit which is turning slowly next to a vertical wood or coal fire.

As it gets grilled, the cooked outer part of the cone of meat is shaved in thin slices by a huge sword-like knife, and arranged on a plate with Ace or flat pide (pitta) bread. It can be served plain as is on a plate, or put on white rice, or rolled in a regular bread or lavash wrap.



koofteh turkish

Koofteh in Iran have different types, such as koofteh berenj, koofteh tabrizi, koofteh ghelgheli and chickpea koofteh. Each of them has their own baking recipe and special ingredients.

Türkiye also has a koofteh called red lentlis koofteh rizeh. It is made of red lentils, soft grit, onions, parsley, leeks, tomato paste, cumin, red pepper, olive oil and salt and pepper.

Red lentils are the sign of dal adas. Eventually, mix the ingredients together and form them like small circles and refrigerate it to cool.

In Turkey there is another highly famous koofteh that is made with minced meat, onions, garlic, flour or dried bread powder, eggs, parsley, olive oil, and salt and pepper. This dish is more like Iranian koofteh.



Turkish pizza or lamahjoon is a very tasty Turkish food. A compound of meat, dough and vegetables that have a wonderful taste when mixed with Turkish spices.

For many years, fast food in Iran has included this great food in their menu and has become the number 7 of common foods between Iran and Turkey.

Lahmacun, pronounced “lahma’joun”, comes from the Arabic “lahma bi’ajeen,” which literally means “dough with meat.” Think of lahmacun as perfectly thin, crispier pizza (or flatbread), topped with a spiced minced meat mixture.

It is popular in Turkey as in various parts of the Levant where the Ottoman empire once extended. And there are meat pie–or pizza–variations, including manaqish and sfiha, along with other famous flatbreads like pide and gözleme. Lahmacun is also known as Armenian pizza, Turkish pizza, Lebanese pizza, Arab pizza…It’s that popular!



halva turkish

One of the most well -known Iranian dishes, which is actually a type of dessert, is halva. Of course, Turkish halva is slightly different from the Persian halva that we know in Iran, but the main ingredients are the same and include butter, flour, sugar and water.

The common type of halva in Turkey is made from Ardeh, which certainly every Iranian known as Halva Arde (Halvardeh). Of course, this is one of the common desserts of Iran and Türkiye.Persian halva is number 8 for common foods between Iran and Turkey.

9.Bademjan shekam por

bademjan shekam por turkish

The recipe in Turkey and Iran is almost the same, given that the ingredients used to fill the eggplant are a combination of meat and vegetables such as tomatoes, bell peppers and green pepper.

The compounds of the bademjan shekam por are different and each area has its own baking recipe or changes according to personal taste.

This food is number 9 of common foods between Iran and Turkey.

10.Lamb kebab

The lamb kebab is a delicious food cooked in both Iran and in Turkey. In Turkey, this kebab is called shish kebab and is added to a mixture of olive oil with one or two tablespoons of vinegar and grated onion and then grilled.

lamb kabab is number 10 of common foods between Iran and Turkey.

Iranian cooking

Iranian cooking has a few thousand years of history and has the richest and most authentic food cultures in the world.

From ancient times, Iranian chefs have provided a variety of fascinating foods for their kings and created foods using unique ingredients and compositions that are now part of Iran’s cultural heritage and even worldwide.

During the Achaemenid Empire, Iranian cooking was formed and diversified with the introduction of new materials and cultures from other countries.

During the Safavid era, with the introduction of substances such as rice and tea, Iranian cooking developed.

Turkish Cooking

Turkish cooking is also accompanied by a long and attractive history. The history of Turkey’s cooking dates back to the Ottoman Empire, which was created at the time using various materials and techniques that are now known as part of Turkey’s national identity.

When the Seljuk tribes in Central Asia moved on to the land called Turkey today, they passed through Iran and became acquainted with Iranian civilization and Iranian culture and cuisine. Tomatoes and saffron entered Turkish cooking and new foods such as kebab and dolmeh were created.

Conclusion for common foods between Iran and Turkey

Both Iran and Turkey are very close together, both culturally and in the mood of the people. Therefore, they have very common and tasty foods, and ultimately my question is that Turkish cuisine is more delicious or Iranian cuisine.

By sharing this article on common foods between Iran and Turkey on social networks, you can see the reflection of people’s tenderness which is very attractive.



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Chef Haghighi

I am Chef Haghighi with ten years of cooking experience and setting up many restaurants and fast food in Iran and Turkey. I am interested in writing recipes on my website. I have the TCA international culinary qualification.I have the experience of successfully launching more than 20 restaurants and fast food in USA and Turkey. I have opened all kinds of traditional restaurants and fast food in Iranian and Turkish style. You can contact me for advice on equipping restaurants and fast food In the shortest possible time and for free, I will provide you with advice on buying fast food equipment and setting up a fast food restaurant.

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